Complete reference list for our web content and report.

Aggarwal, C. C. (2015). Data Mining: The Textbook. Yorktown Heights, New York: Springer.

Agrawal, A., Catalini, C., & Goldfarb, A. (2011). The Geography of Crowdfunding. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, No. 16820 . doi: 10.3386/w16820

Agrawal, A., Catalini, C., & Goldfarb, A. (2015). Crowdfunding: Geography, Social Networks, and the Timing of Investment Decisions. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 24(2), 253-274. doi: 10.1111/jems.12093

Aitamurto, T. (2011). The Impact of Crowdfunding on Journalism: Case study of Spot.Us, a platform for community-funded reporting. Journalism Practice, 5(4), 429-445. doi: 10.1080/17512786.2010.551018

Alter, D. A., Naylor, C. D., Austin, P., & Tu, J. V. (1999). Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Access to Invasive Cardiac Procedures and on Mortality after Acute Myocardial Infarction. New England Journal of Medicine, 341(18), 1359-1367. doi: 10.1056/nejm199910283411806

Bagga, S., & Singh, G. N. (2011). Three Phase Iterative Model of KDD. International Journal of Information Technology and Knowledge Management, 4 (2), 695-697.

Bailey, T. C., & Gatrell, A. C. (1995). Interactive spatial data analysis.

Berliner, L. S., & Kenworthy, N. J. (2017). Producing a worthy illness: Personal crowdfunding amidst financial crisis. Social Science & Medicine, 187, 233-242. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.02.008

Cohen, A. M., & Hersh, W. R. (2005). A survey of current work in biomedical text mining. Briefings in Bioinformatics, 6(1), 57-71. doi: 10.1093/bib/6.1.57

Çöltekin, A., Bleisch, S., Andrienko, G., & Dykes, J. (2017). Persistent challenges in geovisualization – a community perspective. International Journal of Cartography, 3(sup1), 115-139. doi: 10.1080/23729333.2017.1302910

Feinerer, I. (2013). Introduction to the tm Package: Text Mining in R. Retrieved February 23, 2018, from

Forward sortation area - Definition. (2015). Retrieved February 23, 2018, from

Gerber, E., Hui, J., & Kuo, P.-Y. (2012). Crowdfunding: Why People are Motivated to Post and Fund Projects on Crowdfunding Platforms . Paper presented at the 2012 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work.

GoFundMe. (n.d.). GoFundMe - About Us. Retrieved February 18, 2018, from

Goovaerts, P. (2012). Geostatistical analysis of health data with different levels of spatial aggregation. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, 3(1), 83-92. doi: 10.1016/j.sste.2012.02.008

Haining, R., Wise, S., & Ma, J. (1998). Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series D (The Statistician), 47 (3), 457-469. doi: 10.1111/1467-9884.00147

Kapral, M. K., Wang, H., Mamdani, M., & Tu, J. V. (2002). Effect of Socioeconomic Status on Treatment and Mortality After Stroke. Stroke, 33(1), 268.

Kraak, M. (2009). Geovisualization. In R. Kitchin & N. Thrift (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (pp. 468-480).

Lukkarinen, A., Teich, J. E., Wallenius, H., & Wallenius, J. (2016). Success drivers of online equity crowdfunding campaigns. Decision Support Systems, 87, 26-38. doi: 10.1016/j.dss.2016.04.006

Majumdar, A., & Bose, I. (2018). My words for your pizza: An analysis of persuasive narratives in online crowdfunding. Information & Management. doi: 10.1016/

Murphy, M. L. (2017). Startup storytelling : an analysis of narrative in rewards and equity based crowdfunding campaigns. (Doctor of Philosophy), University of Texas at Austin.

Paulus, T. M., & Roberts, K. R. (2017). Crowdfunding a “Real-life Superhero”: The construction of worthy bodies in medical campaign narratives. Discourse, Context & Media. doi: 10.1016/j.dcm.2017.09.008

Preece, J., Sharp, H., & Rogers, Y. (2015). Interaction Design: Beyond Human-Computer Interaction. Chichester: Wiley.

Robinson, L., Cotten, S. R., Ono, H., Quan-Haase, A., Mesch, G., Chen, W., . . . Stern, M. J. (2015). Digital inequalities and why they matter. Information, Communication & Society, 18(5), 569-582. doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1012532

Rogers, A. C. (1997). Vulnerability, health and health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26(1), 65-72. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.1997.1997026065.x

Romm, C. (2015). Is It Fair to Ask the Internet to Pay Your Hospital Bill? The ethical issues that come with crowdfunded healthcare. Retrieved March 25, 2018, from

Sisler, J. (2012). Crowdfunding for medical expenses. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 184(2), E123-E124. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.109-4084

Snyder, J. (2016). Crowdfunding for Medical Care: Ethical Issues in an Emerging Health Care Funding Practice. Hastings Center Report, 46(6), 36-42. doi: 10.1002/hast.645

Snyder, J., Chow-White, P., Crooks, V. A., & Mathers, A. (2017). Widening the gap: additional concerns with crowdfunding in health care. The Lancet Oncology, 18(5), e240. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(17)30259-0

Snyder, J., Crooks, V. A., Mathers, A., & Chow-White, P. (2017). Appealing to the crowd: ethical justifications in Canadian medical crowdfunding campaigns. Journal of Medical Ethics. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2016-103933

Snyder, J., Mathers, A., & Crooks, V. A. (2016). Fund my treatment!: A call for ethics-focused social science research into the use of crowdfunding for medical care. Social Science & Medicine, 169, 27-30. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.09.024

Southern, D. A., Ghali, W. A., Faris, P. D., Norris, C. M., Galbraith, P. D., Graham, M. M., & Knudtson, M. L. (2002). Misclassification of Income Quintiles Derived from Area-based Measures: A Comparison of Enumeration Area and Forward sortation area. Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue Canadienne de Sante'e Publique, 93 (6), 465-469.

Statistics Canada (2018). Forward sortation areas currently being analyzed, 2016 Census. Retrieved February 25, 2018, from

Statistics Canada. (2011). Population, urban and rural, by province and territory (Canada). Retrieved February 23, 2018, from

Statistics Canada. (2016). The aggregate dissemination area (ADA): a new census dissemination geographic area. Retrieved February 23, 2018, from

The Lancet Oncology. (2017). Mind the gap: charity and crowdfunding in health care. The Lancet Oncology, 18(3), 269. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(17)30117-1

Torget, A. J., Mihalcea, R., Christensen, J., & McGhee, G. (2011). Mapping Texts: Combining Text-Mining and Geo-Visualization to Unlock the Research Potential of Historical Newspapers: National Endowment for the Humanities.

What is R? (n.d.). Retrieved February 23, 2018, from

Young, M. J., & Scheinberg, E. (2017). The rise of crowdfunding for medical care: Promises and perils. JAMA, 317(16), 1623-1624. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.3078